Chesapeake Physical and Aquatic Therapy
  Columbia- Supreme Sports Club: 410-381-7000
  River Hill/ Clarksville: 410-531-2525
  Elkridge Physical Therapy: 410-579-8999
  Columbia- Athletic Club: 410-740-0883
  Catonsville Physical Therapy: 410-719-8661
Owings Mills Physical Therapy: 410-654-2300
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Sports Injury & Muscle Pain

People who live active lives are sometimes prone to accidents or injuries that disable them from enjoying their sport. However, it does not mean the end of their sports life since some injuries can be repaired. Repair can be through surgery, followed by intense therapy so that the range of actions for a particular set of muscles is not limited. Others who do not undergo surgery experience pain and discomfort while performing basic movements such as standing or walking. Others may also have a high uric acid because of their diet; this imbalance in the blood can lead to inflamed joints, which is characteristic of arthritis.

No matter what the cause for the physical disability, each case can be evaluated and managed through a specific program of physical therapy. Methods can include hot and cold compresses to reduce any swelling or inflammation. Electrical stimulation is also used to encourage blood flow in the affected area and help the nerves react to applied electric stimulus. Nerve response is manifested through movement in the muscles. Most important is strengthening the affected muscles through exercises. The intensity of the exercises can be increased through an by adding weights. To strengthen the leg muscles, for example, ankle weights can be attached to the legs while walking or doing sit ups.

There are also amputees who are assessed as to the regime that they should follow. People who have just undergone amputation are fitted and evaluated as to what kind of prosthetics suit them best; their lifestyles are taken into consideration so that they can go back to their habits and routines if at all possible. The actual therapy comes in to help them coordinate their movements and get used to the prosthetics that are joined to their limbs.

Meanwhile, aquatic therapy can also provide resistance, thereby doing away with weights. In fact, martial artists sometimes perform exercises in water for muscle strengthening. Water also provides buoyancy to patients who have trouble with their joints. This buoyancy lessens the stress imposed on the body's joints so that the exercise performed by the patient is focused on improving flexibility. Finally, exercising in warm water helps dilate blood vessels so that blood is encouraged to circulate and flow toward the injured area. Any swelling or pain is soothed and warm water also relaxes the muscles.

Each individual's physical therapy session is always evaluated first before structuring the type of management and exercise program that should be followed. Evaluation is necessary to ascertain that the problem has been diagnosed correctly. It is also the right of every patient to know how his or her treatment program and what he or she may be asked to do. Aside from the current complaints of the patient, he or she will also be asked as to his or her previous medical history. His or her inputs regarding his or her lifestyle may also contribute to aggravating the problem. From all this information, evaluation can be done such as palpation and range of motion measurements.

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